Electric potential and potential difference - complete information.


Electric Potential and Potential Difference 

Definition: The electrical potential is characterized as the ability of the charged body to accomplish work. At the point when the body is charged, either electric electrons are provided to it, or they are taken out from it. In both the cases, the work is finished. This work is put away in the body as electric potential. Along these lines, the body can accomplish the work by applying a power of fascination or aversion on the other charged particles. 

Electric potential difference
Electric potential 

The limit of the charged body to accomplish work decides the electrical potential on it. The proportion of the electrical potential is the work done to charge a body to one coulomb, i.e., 

Electric potential = work done/charge 

                          V = W/Q 


Since the work done is estimated in joules and charge in coulombs, the unit of electric potential is joules/coulombs, the unit of electric potential is joules/coulomb or volts. 

            W = 1 Joules ; Q = 1 coulomb 

                            V = 1/1 = 1 volt 

Consequently a body is said to have an electrical capability of 1 volt on the off chance that one joule of work is done to charge the body to one coulomb. 

Related Terms:

Electric Potential Difference 

The electrical potential contrast is characterized as the measure of work done to conveying a unit charge starting with one point then onto the next in an electric field. As such, the potential contrast is characterized as the distinction in the electric capability of the two charged bodies. 

Electric potential difference
Electric potential difference 

At the point when a body is charged to an alternate electric potential when contrasted with the other charged body, the two bodies are said to a possible distinction. Both the bodies are under anxiety and attempt to achieve least potential 


The unit of potential distinction is volt.


In short,  electric potential is the ability of a charged particle to do work. 

We hope the article about electric potential and potential difference was helpful for you. For more information about different physics concepts visit physics guide.  

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